There are basically two strategies which lie in broadly two categories:
1. PREVENTION = understanding the causes and contributing factors of corruption and establishing strategies to reduce or eliminate them.
• Prevention is a long term process
• Requires good monitoring so that strategies can be changed over time to maximize effectiveness.
• Developing prevention strategies is the same as developing any other project or program; it requires good assessment, good planning, good monitoring, and resources (human, financial, technical).
Prevention, then, includes action and investment in the following sectors:
• Justice (access and availability of cheap services
• Multi sectoral – economic, public transport
• Internal policies and Codes
• Systems and Processes
This regards providing services and support to reduce the harmful consequences and prevent further injury, trauma, and harm because of corruption.
• Assist/support the witnesses, whistle-blowers and survivors
• Provide appropriate consequences to the perpetrator/the corrupt
• Restore/maintain security for the survivor and the community
• Response, then, includes action in the following sectors
• Health care
• Psychosocial assistance to the survivors
• Psychological and emotional support
• Witness protection
• Social acceptance and reintegration