Human Rights can be defined as the rights of all individuals regardless of sex, race, colour, language, national origin, age, class or religious or political beliefs to certain fundamental freedoms (UDHR)
1. Universality and inalienable: all are entitled, cannot be given up voluntarily or taken away
“all human being are born free and equal in dignity and rights” (UDHR article 1)
3. Interdependence & interrelatedness
4. Equality and non-discrimination
5. Participation and inclusion
6. Accountability and rule of law – duty to protect, fulfill and promote rights lies with States that are signatories to the human rights instruments
Rights-Based Approach (RBA)
RBA is a conceptual framework for the process of human development that is normatively based on international human rights standards and operationally directed to promoting and protecting human rights (Mary Robinson UNCHR). A rights-based approach affirms that all citizens like the youth are entitled to the resources that satisfy their basic needs. Every citizen – rich and poor , old and young– has the right to information and participation in the development process (ActionAid Kenya 2002).
In An HRBA, human rights determine the relationship between individuals and groups with valid claims (right-holders) and State with correlative obligations (duty-bearers). It seeks to strengthen the capacities of right-holders to make claims, and for duty-bearers to meet their obligations
Common understanding. It specifies that poverty is a consequence of denial or violation of human rights. It further recognises that denial of rights as a consequence of unequal power relations.
Organising and raising consciousness
Addressing people’s needs as rights they can claim
Ensuring participation for actions of poor and excluded people
Paying attention to issues of power
Deepening democracy at every level
Holding State (and Non-State Actors) accountable
Rights-based programming uses human rights principles and standards.
Human Rights principles provide the framework for the process of development.
Premise: Recognizing people as inherent holders of rights - and embracing concepts of obligation, responsibility and accountability - all central to the emerging field of human rights-based approaches to development