Thursday, January 7, 2010

Famed and Named at the same time

In a public perception many strange cases come. One's hero may be the another one's villain. This is because corruption as a social phenomena is seen from different angles by having also different faces. In the report by ACCU of Fame and Shame, H.E Yoweri Museveni was named in both categories.

As a statistician, I wish to state that professionally that is fine. It attracted wrath from Hon. Amama Mbabazi the Security Minister and Hon James Nsaba Buturo used that to declare the book politically motivated and unscientific. However on the onset all surveys are scientific- one can only challenge the report on methodology employed and or conclusion based on the sampling error.

Yoweri Kaguta Museveni had 21% nominees stating that he should be shamed against 8% who thought he should be famed. The book highlighs the reasons as below " He became President of the Republic of Uganda on January 29, 1986 after leading a protracted
five-year liberation struggle.

President Museveni was famed by a section of the public as an unwavering freedom fighter and anti corruption activist. Since January 1986, he has restored the rule of law, peace, respect of Human Rights, economic growth that has seen Uganda register enormous success. Inflation has been fixed to solitary digits. GDP has
expanded and domestic revenue continues to grow to now stand at 4,000 billion which is about 70% of Uganda’s total budget. The Investment capital is steadily and increasingly flowing in.

As an anti corruption activist, Museveni’s NRM/A developed a “Ten-point Programme” among which elimination of corruption and misuse of power featured prominently. He has consequently put in place an elaborate legal and institutional framework to fight corruption although the vice remains wide spread pervading all sectors hence undermining efficient service delivery. He has set up several commissions of inquiry to probe corruption in the Police Force, Uganda Revenue Authority, purchase
of substandard (junk) military helicopters, plunder of the Congo and most recently, the Global Fund commission of inquiry. However the view of the public is that the outcome of these commissions remains to be seen.

The president is putting in place a policy of zero tolerance to corruption and has frequently and publicly warned the corrupt public officials that they will be dealt with severely. He has personally directed that all medicines from National Medical Stores be embossed ‘Not for Sale’ to deter theft of drugs from government health centers to private clinics and drug shops.

Museveni is further famed introducing decentralisation to nurture good governance by enhancing participation of people in decision making. He is also credited for having stood as a champion against public servants of questionable integrity like Lucien Tibaruha – former Solicitor General and of recent he boldly directed that Nanono the Permanent Secretary for Health the National Forestry Authority boss Akakwansa be interdicted, directing the IGG to investigate them.

However, other respondents were dissatisfied with the escalating levels of corruption and impunity at the national levels manifesting itself in scandals like Temangalo, CHOGM, Global Fund and others. Respondents perceived the current head of state’s reluctance to deal with corrupt ministers in his cabinet as a shameful act. This perception is premised on incidences like reappointment of Jim Muhwezi and Sam Kuteesa who had been previously censored by parliament for abuse of office but returned with appointments to even more powerful ministries, inaction against Security minister Amama Mbabazi during the NSSF-Temangalo saga even when it was evident according to the majority report that Amama had peddled influence in the deal .

Born around 1944 during the Second World War from a peasant pastoralist background in Ankole, Museveni attended Kyamate Elementary School, Mbarara High School and Ntare School. In 1967,he went to the University of Dar es Salaam in Tanzania, where he studied economics and political science, involving himself in radical pan-African politics. While at university, he formed the University Students’ African Revolutionary Front activist group and led a student delegation to FRELIMO territory
in Portuguese Mozambique, where he received guerrilla training . Museveni later established a new political party, the Uganda Patriotic Movement (UPM), which he led in the elections that were marred with a number of irregularities prompting him to contest the election results, a move that later saw him wage a guerilla war against Obote II regime and the eventual overthrow of Tito Okello’s government.

www.ugandaruralcommunitysupport.org/1999/03/05/kutesa-censured-5-march-1999/,www.parliament.go.ug/
hansard/hans_view_date.jsp?dateYYYY=1999&dateMM=02&dateDD=25, The Hansard Report of Parliamentary
proceedings of 17/2/98 and 18/2/98
Ugandan Parliament Halts Privatisation Process (Reuters), Robert Tatman, 22 Dec 1998
“Mutebi’s Exit, and the Tale of Kaguta’s Clan,” [dead link], Charles Onyango-Obbo, The Monitor, 25 August 1999
“Fanon’s Theory on Violence: Its Verification in Liberated Mozambique”, Yoweri Museveni, from Essays on the
Liberation of Southern Africa, ed. Nathan Shamuyarira (Dar es Salaam: Tanzania Publishing House) 1971, pp. 1–24

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